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History of HatillO

The Town of Hatillo is located to the north of the Island and are its adjacent, by the north, Atlantic ocean; by the east the Municipality of Arecibo; by the south the Municipality of Lares and Utuado and by the west with the River Camuy. Hatillo was founded like village June 30, 1823 by gift Agustín Ruiz Miranda, being its first mayor gift Francisco Martínez. It is known like Hatillo of the Heart, for two reasons: was deslindado of the Large neighborhood Herd of Arecibo, at the same time this neighborhood had been subdivided for the neighborhoods up the Herd, down the Herd and Hatillo. These names as consequence of the use arise that by then it was given to the lands that they were property of gift Esteban Colón, that is to say splits it main of them, dedicated to the pastoreo of cattle or herds. The second reason is direct consequence of the revolution that in Spain initiated gift Rafael De Riego Nuñez facing the government absolutismo of the King Fernando VII and in tribute to its gesture libertario and to proposal of the sindico gift Juan Gabriel of Arana was given it the name, to the new city hall, of Hatillo of the Heart of Irrigation. By then, it was the governing one of Puerto Rico gift Miguel of the Tower. The lands had been offered for gift Agustín Ruiz Miranda and its room was of ten cords of land approximately, in whose condition they should be raised the buildings and wide streets and themselves to sell or to yield in use the remainder for houses. They should not be dedicated those lands to another thing that not it went stipulated by gift Agustín Ruiz Miranda. They arrived the colindancias to: Highway #2 (currently) the Highway #119, old way of the railroad and the farm Perseverando. In its first year was a population of 910 inhabitants and to the following year enlarged to 2,663 distributed among the urban zone and the neighborhoods Carrizales, Capaéz, Hunchbacks, Naranjito, Good View (before Yeguadilla West), Happy Field (Yeguadilla Oriental), Pajuil, Aibonito and Bayaney. In the census of 1940 disappeared the neighborhood Pajuil being divided among Good View, Naranjito, Happy Field. The total area of Hatillo is of 42 square miles. In the 1847 the population was the following one: 4,384 white, 898 mulatos free, 75 black you free, 91 mulatos slaves and 125 black slaves for a total of 5,573. Of these they lived 173 white in the population, 107 mulatos free, 6 black you free, 6 mulatos slaves and 10 black slaves. The others lived disseminated by the field and possessions. In 1994 the inhabitants added 33 thousand.

ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICANS

Upon Arriving the Americans the poet Cosme Arana traveled through for the streets of the town enarbolando the American flag to notify him to the people the Arrival of the new state.

ECONOMIC

Was established that for the foundation of the town everything that was harvested or produced in the town was the industry of the ganadería. Nevertheless other achievements arose of our ground such as the smaller fruits. Also the sea was bearer of half economic by the fishing, living that since then has followed, contrary to the agriculture that he has changed. The tobacco, the cane and the cotton were the priorities of the past as middles of life. The dressmaking contributed in something since there were shops of dressmaking in the town and to residence. Today the vaquerías dominate the industry of the town and some you manufacture of the program of Promotion they help as second alternative. In Hatillo the 21% of the milk is produced that is consumed in Puerto Rico is the producer but large of the world by square mile. The Commercial Center north Plaza is the fifth one of greater importance in the country, and radica in the Neighborhood Carrizales.

ILLUSTRIOUS MEN

Besides gift Agustín Ruiz Miranda have itself distinguished since then, Fernando Ledesma, member of the Chamber of Delegated (1913-1917), was the one that began the first plaza of I amuse and owner of it disappeared Central Bayaney (1923). The brothers José R. and Ramón Millán, owners of the Holy Estate Rose, José Ramón finished the plaza that began Ledesma and therefore today follows being called to the plaza as Plaza of I Amuse José R. Millán; José P.H. Hernández, poet and musician; Luis H. Lacomba, and his father Manuel, musicians the second went teacher; Lorenzo Coballes Gandía, lawyer and poet; Pedro Pablo Vargas, poet; Felipe Arana, poet; Pablo J. Aguilar, lawyer and ex-legislador; Oscar Columbus Thin, painter; Carmelo Rodríguez, legislador and to the the same as Juan R.(Roco) García, lawyer and political, went members of the Assembly Constituyente; Dr. Francisco M. Susoni, galeno and legislador; Velda González, senadora; Miguel Alcaide (concluded), musician and artist of the farándula; gift Manuel Alcaide Cordero; gift (Lito) mayor, José‚ A. Monrouzeau. Other that should mention in the music the poetry since they contributed a great deal to benefit of our town and their people they are: Jorge Martínez, Ramón Coballes Gandía, the Lic. Pedro Juvenal Rose, Pedro José‚ Martínez, José‚ J. Martínez Juan A. It dwells, Francisco V. Velázquez, July Stream Branches, Edwin Rodríguez and Luis Maysonet. To cannot stop including other distinguished men hatillanos that left their tracks in the heart of all, present and future. Dr. Guillermo Curbelo, delegate to the Assembly Constituyente of Ponce in 1887. Father José‚ C. Thin. Ramón S. Thin, Genaro García, Fruitful Arana and Second gift Serrano, farmacéutico and practicante. In the sport many have excelled hatillanos, Carlos Ruiz in basketball, Jesús Maysonet and their brother Popo, Carlos Vizquez, Toño Delgado, Ismael Alcaide and the professional José (Tallaboa) Alcaide and Luis (Puchy)Delgado, son of another great one deportista already concluded, Firpo Delgado. These they are various of the athletes m s outstanding and remembered until the moment, all they in the play of the bat and the ball.

PATRON RELIGIOUS

Since the foundation of the town has had as usual and tradition islander the to yield him tribute to the Virgin of the Carmen as benefactora and patrona, previously they were dedicated it religious parties to the boss San Miguel Arcángel. During the day 16 of July is celebrated the I GAVE OF THE PATRONA where is tradition of the town to yield him a procession by the streets and where the Pescadores with their humble yolas they offer it a procession by the sea.

PICTURESQUE PERSONAGES

Will Mention subsequently some of the picturesque men of town: "Majana", diminuto and deformed man; Santana, personage controversial by its sex; I Move away "The Buldó"; Catino; Modest Rodríguez (Boro); and Juan "The Lunatic", all, you very known for some peculiaridad but greater by its services to the parroquianos.

CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

As acts of celebration in the town are the following:

     

  1. Festival of the Mascaras is celebrated uninterruptedly every day 28 of December of each year.
  2.  

  3. Typical parties - from the 25 to December 28.
  4.  

  5. Parties of the Cross is celebrated. during the month of May.
  6.  

  7. Parties Patronales - are celebrated in honor to the Virgin of the Carmen during the month of July. The day of the patrona is July 16, each year.
  8.  

  9. Day of San Juan - 24 of June of each year. As unique and traditional play in the Island, is the Play of the Truco. Only it is celebrated in Hatillo in all the places and during all the Year.

 

TRADITION OF THE MASKS

The Day of the Masks, that is celebrated December 28 every year in an uninterrupted way, is one of the traditional activities more emotivas of the Island. Its color and festivity do of the act, but the first one, one of them, as contribution summit in the culture of Puerto Rico. It is is a custom that has changed only in vestimenta, but follows its essence since the same one was imposed in Hatillo because of the foundation in 1823. It arrived like consequences colonizadoras since the tradition is base canaria. 0 be, that the Spaniards originating in the Islands Canarias, that themselves posesionaron of the neighboring ground, they bequeathed to subsequent generations their pertenencias cultural triadas of their ground, the same that today have and that we honor us in conserving proudly. The mascaras is the heroic representation when the malvados soldiers pursued the children by orders of the funesto king and her obsession by put an end to all the infants for of that way to be freed that a new creature governed in her ground and in all the planet. He is therefore that instead of the 28, Day of the Innocent, the children of Hatillo of it do the 27. Of that way simulates itself the persecución leaving the children a day before and the masks subsequently. Old the vestimentas were rudimentarias, grotesque caretas done of cardboard, clay or higueras, they concocted a body dressed of, rags, female or tiznado. Step by step has gone changing the modality of the fabric of cotton, then that of shine and at present the very exotic and costly clothes is the one that dominates in the occasion. Although in the town this day has been celebrated, the reality is that in the Sector Lettuce, where they converge the neighborhoods Capaéz, Naranjito and Hunchbacks are where with greater fervor always itself they have distinguished the masks. On foot, to horse and now in all kinds of transportación, have always done of the theirs. This people is confused among the my humble and all kinds of professionals. It turns out to be very difficult to distinguish which of them can be the person that is behind a careta done in metallic fabric and with a suit of a cost that can vary since $200.00 until $500.00 dollars. Although they ask money and they do maldades to its friends to achieve it, is not this a personal motive of interest, is only an incentivo to justify the maldad. Some cases isolated of needy persons are you considered like oportunistas for allegarse some money, nevertheless, they are included like part of the activity. Elegant and vistosos uniform with decorations and cascabeles very well intercalados by veredas, roads and highways since well early in the morning. Some after other they happen themselves of visits in the houses. Beverages, money and food are wasted in the homes in many of which friends and relatives unite to pass it better. Finally in the Plaza of Amuse is celebrated a festival around the 4:00 P.M. so that a greater quantity of persons they can appreciate them better and at the same time to gratify the efforts of the not foolish century efforts in the making of suits and carrozas. Then they follow all the participating bound for those places that were not visited to complete until hours of the night. In the 1975 itself televiso by first time all this activity and takes two hours passed through the Canal two (2)Telemundo. THE I GAVE OF THE MASCARAS IS AND TO BE THE CELEBRACION SUMMIT OF HATILLO AND the ISLAND.

PLACES OF INTERES

The Catholic Church, School Robinson, Holy Estate Rose (Ruins), Chimneys of Holy Rose (Trapiche) and old Central Bayaney, Caves of Pay (Aibonito), Caves of Hatillo (Bayaney), beaches Sardinera and the Navy and what was an aserradero known as the Machine of the Slope of the River. Besides the Walk of the Carmen, the Theater Francisco Deida Méndez, the Park of the Illustrious, the Colonial Walk and the Iglú of Bottles. DATA OF SAD RECORDACION have been of sad recordación two facts in the modern history of Hatillo, the disaster that cost several known lives as "The Disaster of Punta Salinas" in 1949 and the victims of Tel-Aviv in the 1972.

PLEASING MOMENTS IN THE SPORT

Hatillo had a Sub-Championship of Puerto Rico when belonged its Equipment Tigres to the Central League in 1973-74. Under the Organization COLICEBA was Champion of Puerto Rico 1991-92. The Equipment cattle Raisers of Hatillo, in the Puerto Rican League of Basketball, was Sub-Champion in the 1992 and CAMPEON in 1994. In the passed one legendario did its better sports galas the Blue Equipment Coast in volley ball, the Hatillo Kid and the Hatillo Athletic Club also in basketball.

BIBLIOGRAFIA

These data were subtracted in parts of the book Recuento Hysterical of Hatillo in the 1977, other taken of fountains investigadoras. HYMN OF HATILLO By: Charlie Aguilar, 1 of February of 1984 Of a blue sea in the Atlantic one Of green fields to all long Waves plateadas playing in white Is this town, town afamado. With traditions of great bequest Of illustrious men very praised literary and free Poets That are prides of the proletario. Typical masks of Islands Canarias As is the Truco also brought and in the sports recognized Those are fruits well harvested. Those they are fruits well harvested. Lolen, Caballees, P.H. Hernández Felipe and Cosme of the Aranas and with Gift Lalo, beautiful landscapes were painted for Gift Oscar. Stone of the Man of Pedro Pablo costs It old; that of the Guama they Are picturesque of their inventory Town of Hatillo, town afamado.

MAYORS OF HATILLO

Fernando P. Ledesma 1899-1901 1909-1910

José Casanova 1918-1922

Fernando Velázquez 1928-1932

Pablo J. Aguilar 1932-1936

Francisco Estades 1936-1938

José‚ Hawayek 1940-1944

Manuel Alcaide Cordero 1940-1960

Juan Kings Romero 1960-1964

Ramón Ruiz Velez 1964- 1972

Víctor M. Avila Román 1972-1984

Francisco Deida Méndez 1984-1990

Juan Luis Caves Castro 1990 -

 

Message of Our Mayor

The knowledge of our history is splits important in the formaci6n of every individual because is as well as we learn to we know we same. For the purpose of helping in the informative management of the roots of town and as an obligaci6n to help to maintain living the record that distinguishes us like town and as important part of Puerto Rico, there we are recopilado a brief one recuento of the but important events and events since our fundaci6n as Municipality so that to the except he permit to our residentes to be informed [sbrk] Upon the origins of what with the time he has earned us a sitial of preference in the history of Puerto Rico for pride and satisfaction of the ones that here were born or the ones that live together with us in the Ultimos years, but also for the ones that they consider private interest to know our history as town.

Juan Luis Cuevas Castro

Mayor

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Last update: 05-Nov-2011

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